Chemosensory Systems in Mammals, Fishes, and Insects

Chemosensory Systems in Mammals, Fishes, and Insects

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The sense of smell has an essential role in locating food, detecting predators, navigating, and communicating social information. Accordingly, the olfactory system has evolved complex repertoires of receptors to face these problems. Although the sense of taste has less far-reaching tasks, they are every bit as essential for the animals well-being, allowing it to reject toxic materials and to select nutritionally valuable food. The last decade has seen a massive advance in understanding the molecular logic of chemosensory information processing, beyond that already achieved in the rst few years following Linda Bucks discovery of odorant receptors. Shortly afterwards, the major principles of olfactory representation had been established in mammals as the one neuron/ one receptor rule and the convergence of neurons, which express the same receptor, onto individual modules in the olfactory bulb. In recent years, such studies have been extended to lower vertebrates, including shes and other phyla, i. e. , arthropods, worms, and insects, showing both the general validity of these concepts and some exceptions to the rule. In parallel, hallmarks of the molecular logic of taste sensation have been deciphered and found to differ in interesting ways from those of smell sensation.2007; van der Goes van Naters and Carlson 2007). ... 2006; Jones et al. ... 1999), Drosophila is a particularly suitable model for studying the principles of ORN wiring at the cellular level. ... Three lateral, large glomeruli may be implicated in mating behaviour, because they are innervated by neurons that express fruitless, anbsp;...

Title:Chemosensory Systems in Mammals, Fishes, and Insects
Author: Wolfgang Meyerhof, Sigrun Korsching
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2009-04-23

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