Epidemiological Research: An Introduction

Epidemiological Research: An Introduction

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Having last year published a€œUp from Clinical Epidemiology a EBMa€ and also a€œEpidemiological Research: Terms and Concepts, a€ Miettinen now a€“ this time with collaboration from his junior colleague I. Karp a€“ brings out this further introduction into epidemiological research; and he is now working on an introduction into clinical research, for publication next year. It evidently is Miettinena€™s felt time to crystallize the basic understandings he has come to as the culmination of a half-century of concentrated effort to advance the theory of epidemiological and a€˜meta-epidemiological clinicala€™ research. In accord with its title, this book focuses on research to develop the knowledge-base for preventive medicine, which mainly is knowledge about the causal origin a€“etilogy, etiogenesis a€“ of illness. It first illustrates how wanting this knowledge still is, despite much research; and it then aims to guide the reader to more productive etiogenetic research. This book places much emphasis on the need to assure relevance by principles-guided objects design for the studies, which now remains conspicuously absent from epidemiologistsa€™ concerns. And as for methods design, this book exposes the fallacies in the still-common a€˜cohorta€™ and a€˜case-controla€™ studies, defines the essentials of all etiogenetic studies, and then addresses the true options for design in this framework of shared essentials. A good deal of attention is also given to the still commonly-held, very major, twin fallacies that screening for an illness is a preventive intervention, to be studied by randomized trials, and that research on it can imply rational guidelines or recommendations regarding decisions about the screening. While Miettinen already is regarded as a€˜the father of modern epidemiology, a€™ he now appears to have become the father also of post-modern epidemiology, where a€˜epidemiologya€™ still means epidemiological research.... not classified as a€“ and said to be a€“ an automatic car; and a car with four-wheel drive is not seen to be an alternative to it. ... control (upon documentation) a€“ Control of confounding: standardization versus modeling versus hybrid of these ( sect.

Title:Epidemiological Research: An Introduction
Author: O. S. Miettinen, I. Karp
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2012-07-25

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