Founding Figures and Commentators in Arabic Mathematics

Founding Figures and Commentators in Arabic Mathematics

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In this unique insight into the history and philosophy of mathematics and science in the mediaeval Arab world, the eminent scholar Roshdi Rashed illuminates the various historical, textual and epistemic threads that underpinned the history of Arabic mathematical and scientific knowledge up to the seventeenth century. The first of five wide-ranging and comprehensive volumes, this book provides a detailed exploration of Arabic mathematics and sciences in the ninth and tenth centuries. Extensive and detailed analyses and annotations support a number of key Arabic texts, which are translated here into English for the first time. In this volume Rashed focuses on the traditions of celebrated polymaths from the ninth and tenth centuries a€˜School of Baghdada€™ - such as the BanAl MAlsA, ThAbit ibn Qurra, IbrAhAlm ibn SinAn, AbAl Ja Ifar al-KhAzin, AbAl Sahl Wayjan ibn RustAm al-QAlhAl - and eleventh-century Andalusian mathematicians like AbAl al-QAsim ibn al-Samh, and al-Mua€™taman ibn HAld. The Archimedean-Apollonian traditions of these polymaths are thematically explored to illustrate the historical and epistemological development of a€˜infinitesimal mathematicsa€™ as it became more clearly articulated in the eleventh-century influential legacy of al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (a€˜Alhazena€™). Contributing to a more informed and balanced understanding of the internal currents of the history of mathematics and the exact sciences in Islam, and of its adaptive interpretation and assimilation in the European context, this fundamental text will appeal to historians of ideas, epistemologists, mathematicians at the most advanced levels of research.From Apollonius, he took up a project and various applications; from al-Hasan, he obtained an account of the Conics, from it the ellipse, and the powerful means for studying them. This was a hitherto unknown situation, which saw the projectanbsp;...

Title:Founding Figures and Commentators in Arabic Mathematics
Author: Roshdi Rashed
Publisher:Routledge - 2013-03-07

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