Model-Based Reasoning

Model-Based Reasoning

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The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the Interna tional Conference Model-Based Reasoning: Scientific Discovery, Technologi calInnovation, Values (MBR'01), held at the CoUegio Ghislieri, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy, in May 2001. The previous volume Model-Based Rea soning in Scientific Discovery, edited by L. Magnani, N.J. Nersessian, and P. Thagard (Kluwer AcademiclPlenum Publishers, New York, 1999; Chinese edition, China Science and Technology Press, Beijing, 2000), was based on the papers presented at the first qmodel-based reasoningq international con ference, held at the same place in December 1998. The papers explore how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in theories and concepts. Some address the problem of model-based reasoning in ethics, especially pertaining to sci ence and technology, and stress some aspects of model-based reasoning in technological innovation. The study of diagnostic, visual, spatial, analogical, and temporal reasoning has demonstrated that there are many ways of performing intelligent and crea tive reasoning that cannot be described with the help only of traditional no tions of reasoning such as classical logic. Understanding the contribution of modeling practices to discovery and conceptual change in science requires expanding scientific reasoning to include complex forms of creative reasoning that are not always successful and can lead to incorrect solutions. The study of these heuristic ways of reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philosophy, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic; that is, at the heart of cognitive science.There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model-based reasoning considered in this book. The term a#39;modela#39; comprises both internal and external representations.

Title:Model-Based Reasoning
Author: L. Magnani, Nancy J. Nersessian
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2002-05-31

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