Molecular Self-assembly Approaches for Supramolecular Electronic and Organic Electronic Devices

Molecular Self-assembly Approaches for Supramolecular Electronic and Organic Electronic Devices

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Molecular self-assembly represents an efficient bottom-up strategy to generate structurally well-defined aggregates of semiconducting pi-conjugated materials. The capability of tuning the chemical structures, intermolecular interactions and nanostructures through molecular engineering and novel materials processing renders it possible to tailor a large number of unprecedented properties such as charge transport, energy transfer and light harvesting. This approach does not only benefit traditional electronic devices based on bulk materials, but also generate a new research area so called qsupramolecular electronicsq in which electronic devices are built up with individual supramolecular nanostructures with size in the sub-hundred nanometers range. My work combined molecular self-assembly together with several novel materials processing techniques to control the nucleation and growth of organic semiconducting nanostructures from different type of pi-conjugated materials. By tailoring the interactions between the molecules using hydrogen bonds and pi-pi stacking, semiconducting nanoplatelets and nanowires with tunable sizes can be fabricated in solution. These supramolecular nanostructures were further patterned and aligned on solid substrates through printing and chemical templating methods. The capability to control the different hierarchies of organization on surface provides an important platform to study their structural-induced electronic properties. In addition to using molecular self-assembly to create different organic nanostructures, functional self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formed by spontaneous chemisorption on surfaces was used to tune the interfacial property in organic solar cells. Devices showed dramatically improved performance when appropriate SAMs were applied to optimize the contact property for efficiency charge collection.The sample was exposed to saturated CHCITvapor for different period of time and then dried in air before imaging, e) - h) shows the schematic drawings that illustrate the nucleation and growth process of the nanowires. The growth dynamic ofanbsp;...

Title:Molecular Self-assembly Approaches for Supramolecular Electronic and Organic Electronic Devices
Publisher:ProQuest - 2008

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