Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia

Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia

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The Nazi regime and local collaborators killed 800, 000 Belorussian Jews, many of them parents or relatives of young Jews who survived the war. Thousands of young girls and boys were thus orphaned and struggled for survival on their own. This book is the first systematic account of young Soviet Jews lives under conditions of Nazi occupation and genocide. These orphans experiences and memories are rooted in the 1930s, when Soviet policies promoted and sometimes actually created interethnic solidarity and social equality. This experience of interethnic solidarity provided a powerful framework for the ways in which young Jews survived and, several decades after the war, represented their experience of violence and displacement. Through oral histories with several survivors, video testimonies, and memoirs, Anika Walke reveals the crucial roles of age and gender in the ways young Jews survived and remembered the Nazi genocide, and shows how shared experiences of trauma facilitated community building within and beyond national groups. Pioneers and Partisans uncovers the repeated transformations of identity that Soviet Jewish children and adolescents experienced, from Soviet citizens in the prewar years, to a target of genocidal violence during the war, to a barely accepted national minority in the postwar Soviet Union.childrena#39;s home was plagued with scabies and lice, dangerous germ carriers, and we had enough of them already. ... lived in the ghetto, Rita found employment in the Panzerwerk (tank workshop) run by the German company Daimler Benz. ... Her friend Lidiia Parfimchuk, who worked in the workshop kitchen, encouraged Rita to leave her soup container in a corner ... And I remember like it was yesterday, downstairs they ran the engines of tanks that were ready to be sent away, andanbsp;...

Title:Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia
Author: Anika Walke
Publisher:Oxford University Press - 2015-07-13

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