The Two Reconstructions

The Two Reconstructions

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Winner of the 2005 J. David Greenstone Book Award from the Politics and History section of the American Political Science Association. Winner of the 2005 Ralph J. Bunche Award of the American Political Science Association Winner of the 2005 V.O. Key, Jr. Award of the Southern Political Science Association The Reconstruction era marked a huge political leap for African Americans, who rapidly went from the status of slaves to voters and officeholders. Yet this hard-won progress lasted only a few decades. Ultimately a qsecond reconstructionqa€”associated with the civil rights movement and the Voting Rights Acta€”became necessary. How did the first reconstruction fail so utterly, setting the stage for the complete disenfranchisement of Southern black voters, and why did the second succeed? These are among the questions Richard M. Valelly answers in this fascinating history. The fate of black enfranchisement, he argues, has been closely intertwined with the strengths and constraints of our political institutions. Valelly shows how effective biracial coalitions have been the key to success and incisively traces how and why political parties and the national courts either rewarded or discouraged the formation of coalitions. Revamping our understanding of American race relations, The Two Reconstructions brilliantly explains a puzzle that lies at the heart of Americaa€™s development as a political democracy.labor peonage, for African Americans in Mississippi, 28 labor segregation, 145 Lamar, L. Q. C., 100 land reform, 25a€“26, 75, 83a€“84 Lane v. ... Defense Committee, 241 Louisiana State Sovereignty Commission, 19 Lowe, Robert, 82 Lowndes County ... and VRA, 202a€“4 jury selection, discrimination against African Americans, 6, 69 Justice Department: changes to VRA, ... African American vote for Republican electors, 76a€“77; Democratsa#39; use of anti-Klan legislation to shut down NAACP, anbsp;...

Title:The Two Reconstructions
Author: Richard M. Valelly
Publisher:University of Chicago Press - 2009-10-02

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